||A lysosomal or secreted, thiol-dependent peptidase, most active at acidic pH. Commonly studied with folylpoly-γ-glutamate as substrate, with which the initial cleavage may release glutamate or poly-γ-glutamate of two or more residues, according to the species of origin of the enzyme. Final products are pteroyl-α-glutamate (folic acid) and free glutamate. Highly specific for the γ-glutamyl bond, but not for the C-terminal amino acid (leaving group). Action on γ-glutamyl bonds is independent of an N-terminal pteroyl moiety, but it is not known whether an N-terminal γ-Glu residue can be hydrolysed. Type example of peptidase family C26.
||McGuire, J.J. and Coward, J.K. Pteroylpolyglutamates: biosynthesis, degradation and function.. In: Blakley, R.L. and Benkovic, S.J. (Eds), Folates and Pterins, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1984, pp. 135–191.
||Wang, Y., Nimec, Z., Ryan, T.J., Dias, J.A. and Galivan, J. The properties of the secreted γ-glutamyl hydrolases from H35 hepatoma cells. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1164 (1993) 227–235. [DOI] [PMID: 8343522]
||Yao, R., Rhee, M.S. and Galivan, J. Effects of γ-glutamyl hydrolase on folyl and antifolylpolyglutamates in cultured H35 hepatoma cells. Mol. Pharmacol. 48 (1995) 505–511. [PMID: 7565632]
||Yao, R., Schneider, E., Ryan, T.J. and Galivan, J. Human γ-glutamyl hydrolase: cloning and characterization of the enzyme expressed in vitro. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93 (1996) 10134–10138. [DOI] [PMID: 8816764]
||Yao, R., Nimec, Z., Ryan, T.J. and Galivan, J. Identification, cloning, and sequencing of a cDNA coding for rat γ-glutamyl hydrolase. J. Biol. Chem. 271 (1996) 8525–8528. [DOI] [PMID: 8621474]