EC 3.4.19.16     
Accepted name: glucosinolate γ-glutamyl hydrolase
Reaction: (1) an (E)-1-(glutathion-S-yl)-N-hydroxy-ω-(methylsulfanyl)alkan-1-imine + H2O = an (E)-1-(L-cysteinylglycin-S-yl)-N-hydroxy-ω-(methylsulfanyl)alkan-1-imine + L-glutamate
(2) (E)-1-(glutathion-S-yl)-N-hydroxy-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethan-1-imine + H2O = (E)-1-(L-cysteinylglycin-S-yl)-N-hydroxy-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethan-1-imine + L-glutamate
(3) (glutathion-S-yl)(1H-indol-3-yl)acetonitrile + H2O = (L-cysteinylglycin-S-yl)(1H-indol-3-yl)acetonitrile + L-glutamate
(4) (Z)-1-(glutathion-S-yl)-N-hydroxy-2-phenylethan-1-imine + H2O = (Z)-1-(L-cysteinyglycin-S-yl)-N-hydroxy-2-phenylethan-1-imine + L-glutamate
Other name(s): GGP1 (gene name); GGP3 (gene name)
Comments: This enzyme, characterized from the plant Arabidopsis thaliana, participates in the biosynthesis of the plant defense compounds glucosinolates and camalexin. It is the only known plant enzyme capable of hydrolysing the γ-glutamyl residue of glutathione in the cytosol.
References:
1.  Geu-Flores, F., Møldrup, M.E., Böttcher, C., Olsen, C.E., Scheel, D. and Halkier, B.A. Cytosolic γ-glutamyl peptidases process glutathione conjugates in the biosynthesis of glucosinolates and camalexin in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 23 (2011) 2456–2469. [PMID: 21712415]
[EC 3.4.19.16 created 2017]
 
 


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