The Enzyme Database

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EC 3.4.11.24     
Accepted name: aminopeptidase S
Reaction: Release of an N-terminal amino acid with a preference for large hydrophobic amino-terminus residues
Other name(s): Mername-AA022 peptidase; SGAP; aminopeptidase (Streptomyces griseus); Streptomyces griseus aminopeptidase; S. griseus AP; double-zinc aminopeptidase
Comments: Aminopeptidases are associated with many biological functions, including protein maturation, protein degradation, cell-cycle control and hormone-level regulation [3,4]. This enzyme contains two zinc molecules in its active site and is activated by Ca2+ [4]. In the presence of Ca2+, the best substrates are Leu-Phe, Leu-Ser, Leu-pNA (aminoacyl-p-nitroanilide), Phe-Phe-Phe and Phe-Phe [3]. Peptides with proline in the P1′ position are not substrates [3]. Belongs in peptidase family M28.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Spungin, A. and Blumberg, S. Streptomyces griseus aminopeptidase is a calcium-activated zinc metalloprotein. Purification and properties of the enzyme. Eur. J. Biochem. 183 (1989) 471–477. [PMID: 2503378]
2.  Ben-Meir, D., Spungin, A., Ashkenazi, R. and Blumberg, S. Specificity of Streptomyces griseus aminopeptidase and modulation of activity by divalent metal ion binding and substitution. Eur. J. Biochem. 212 (1993) 107–112. [PMID: 8444149]
3.  Arima, J., Uesugi, Y., Iwabuchi, M. and Hatanaka, T. Study on peptide hydrolysis by aminopeptidases from Streptomyces griseus, Streptomyces septatus and Aeromonas proteolytica. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 70 (2006) 541–547. [PMID: 16080009]
4.  Fundoiano-Hershcovitz, Y., Rabinovitch, L., Langut, Y., Reiland, V., Shoham, G. and Shoham, Y. Identification of the catalytic residues in the double-zinc aminopeptidase from Streptomyces griseus. FEBS Lett. 571 (2004) 192–196. [PMID: 15280041]
5.  Gilboa, R., Greenblatt, H.M., Perach, M., Spungin-Bialik, A., Lessel, U., Wohlfahrt, G., Schomburg, D., Blumberg, S. and Shoham, G. Interactions of Streptomyces griseus aminopeptidase with a methionine product analogue: a structural study at 1.53 Å resolution. Acta Crystallogr. D Biol. Crystallogr. 56 (2000) 551–558. [PMID: 10771423]
[EC 3.4.11.24 created 2008]
 
 


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