The Enzyme Database

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EC 3.1.3.78     
Accepted name: phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 4-phosphatase
Reaction: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate + H2O = 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 5-phosphate + phosphate
Glossary: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3-phosphate = PtdIns3P
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4-phosphate = PtdIns4P
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 5-phosphate = PtdIns5P
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4-bisphosphate = PtdIns(3,4)P2
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,5-bisphosphate = PtdIns(3,5)P2
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate = PtdIns(4,5)P2
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate = PtdIns(3,4,5)P3
Other name(s): phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 4-phosphatase I; phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 4-phosphatase II; type I PtdIns-4,5-P2 4-Ptase; type II PtdIns-4,5-P2 4-Ptase; IpgD; PtdIns-4,5-P2 4-phosphatase type I; PtdIns-4,5-P2 4-phosphatase type II; type I phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 4-phosphatase; type 1 4-phosphatase
Systematic name: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol-4,5-bisphosphate 4-phosphohydrolase
Comments: Two pathways exist in mammalian cells to degrade 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P2] [2]. One is catalysed by this enzyme and the other by EC 3.1.3.36, phosphoinositide 5-phosphatase, where the product is PtdIns4P. The enzyme from human is specific for PtdIns(4,5)P2 as substrate, as it cannot use PtdIns(3,4,5)P3, PtdIns(3,4)P2, PtdIns(3,5)P2, PtdIns5P, PtdIns4P or PtdIns3P [2]. In humans, the enzyme is localized to late endosomal/lysosomal membranes [2]. It can control nuclear levels of PtdIns5P and thereby control p53-dependent apoptosis [3].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Niebuhr, K., Giuriato, S., Pedron, T., Philpott, D.J., Gaits, F., Sable, J., Sheetz, M.P., Parsot, C., Sansonetti, P.J. and Payrastre, B. Conversion of PtdIns(4,5)P2 into PtdIns(5)P by the S. flexneri effector IpgD reorganizes host cell morphology. EMBO J. 21 (2002) 5069–5078. [PMID: 12356723]
2.  Ungewickell, A., Hugge, C., Kisseleva, M., Chang, S.C., Zou, J., Feng, Y., Galyov, E.E., Wilson, M. and Majerus, P.W. The identification and characterization of two phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 4-phosphatases. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102 (2005) 18854–18859. [PMID: 16365287]
3.  Zou, J., Marjanovic, J., Kisseleva, M.V., Wilson, M. and Majerus, P.W. Type I phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 4-phosphatase regulates stress-induced apoptosis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104 (2007) 16834–16839. [PMID: 17940011]
4.  Mason, D., Mallo, G.V., Terebiznik, M.R., Payrastre, B., Finlay, B.B., Brumell, J.H., Rameh, L. and Grinstein, S. Alteration of epithelial structure and function associated with PtdIns(4,5)P2 degradation by a bacterial phosphatase. J. Gen. Physiol. 129 (2007) 267–283. [PMID: 17389247]
[EC 3.1.3.78 created 2008]
 
 


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