Reduction of arsenate is part of a defence mechanism of the cell against toxic arsenate. The product arseno-mycothiol is reduced by EC 18.104.22.168 (mycoredoxin) to arsenite and mycothiol-mycoredoxin disulfide. Finally, a second mycothiol recycles mycoredoxin and forms mycothione.
Ordonez, E., Van Belle, K., Roos, G., De Galan, S., Letek, M., Gil, J.A., Wyns, L., Mateos, L.M. and Messens, J. Arsenate reductase, mycothiol, and mycoredoxin concert thiol/disulfide exchange. J. Biol. Chem.284 (2009) 15107–15116. [DOI] [PMID: 19286650]