The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Peptoclostridium difficile, participates in an L-leucine fermentation pathway. The reaction proceeds via formation of a covalent anhydride intermediate between a conserved aspartate residue and the acyl group of the CoA thioester substrate.
Kim, J., Darley, D., Selmer, T. and Buckel, W. Characterization of (R)-2-hydroxyisocaproate dehydrogenase and a family III coenzyme A transferase involved in reduction of L-leucine to isocaproate by Clostridium difficile. Appl. Environ. Microbiol.72 (2006) 6062–6069. [DOI] [PMID: 16957230]