The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.8.1.11     
Accepted name: molybdopterin synthase sulfurtransferase
Reaction: [molybdopterin-synthase sulfur-carrier protein]-Gly-Gly-AMP + [cysteine desulfurase]-S-sulfanyl-L-cysteine = AMP + [molybdopterin-synthase sulfur-carrier protein]-Gly-NH-CH2-C(O)SH + cysteine desulfurase
For diagram of MoCo biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): adenylyltransferase and sulfurtransferase MOCS3; Cnx5 (gene name); molybdopterin synthase sulfurylase
Systematic name: persulfurated L-cysteine desulfurase:[molybdopterin-synthase sulfur-carrier protein]-Gly-Gly sulfurtransferase
Comments: The enzyme transfers sulfur to form a thiocarboxylate moiety on the C-terminal glycine of the small subunit of EC 2.8.1.12, molybdopterin synthase. In the human, the reaction is catalysed by the rhodanese-like C-terminal domain (cf. EC 2.8.1.1) of the MOCS3 protein, a bifunctional protein that also contains EC 2.7.7.80, molybdopterin-synthase adenylyltransferase, at the N-terminal domain.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Matthies, A., Nimtz, M. and Leimkuhler, S. Molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis in humans: identification of a persulfide group in the rhodanese-like domain of MOCS3 by mass spectrometry. Biochemistry 44 (2005) 7912–7920. [PMID: 15910006]
2.  Leimkuhler, S. and Rajagopalan, K.V. A sulfurtransferase is required in the transfer of cysteine sulfur in the in vitro synthesis of molybdopterin from precursor Z in Escherichia coli. J. Biol. Chem. 276 (2001) 22024–22031. [PMID: 11290749]
3.  Hanzelmann, P., Dahl, J.U., Kuper, J., Urban, A., Muller-Theissen, U., Leimkuhler, S. and Schindelin, H. Crystal structure of YnjE from Escherichia coli, a sulfurtransferase with three rhodanese domains. Protein Sci. 18 (2009) 2480–2491. [PMID: 19798741]
4.  Dahl, J.U., Urban, A., Bolte, A., Sriyabhaya, P., Donahue, J.L., Nimtz, M., Larson, T.J. and Leimkuhler, S. The identification of a novel protein involved in molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis in Escherichia coli. J. Biol. Chem. 286 (2011) 35801–35812. [PMID: 21856748]
[EC 2.8.1.11 created 2011]
 
 


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