The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.7.8.7     
Accepted name: holo-[acyl-carrier-protein] synthase
Reaction: CoA-[4′-phosphopantetheine] + apo-[acyl-carrier protein] = adenosine 3′,5′-bisphosphate + holo-[acyl-carrier protein]
Other name(s): acyl carrier protein holoprotein (holo-ACP) synthetase; holo-ACP synthetase; coenzyme A:fatty acid synthetase apoenzyme 4′-phosphopantetheine transferase; holosynthase; acyl carrier protein synthetase; holo-ACP synthase; PPTase; AcpS; ACPS; acyl carrier protein synthase; P-pant transferase; CoA:apo-[acyl-carrier-protein] pantetheinephosphotransferase; CoA-[4′-phosphopantetheine]:apo-[acyl-carrier-protein] 4′-pantetheinephosphotransferase
Systematic name: CoA-[4′-phosphopantetheine]:apo-[acyl-carrier protein] 4′-pantetheinephosphotransferase
Comments: Requires Mg2+. All polyketide synthases, fatty-acid synthases and non-ribosomal peptide synthases require post-translational modification of their constituent acyl-carrier-protein (ACP) domains to become catalytically active. The inactive apo-proteins are converted into their active holo-forms by transfer of the 4′-phosphopantetheinyl moiety of CoA to the sidechain hydroxy group of a conserved serine residue in each ACP domain [3]. The enzyme from human can activate both the ACP domain of the human cytosolic multifunctional fatty acid synthase and that associated with human mitochondria as well as peptidyl-carrier and acyl-carrier-proteins from prokaryotes [6]. Removal of the 4-phosphopantetheinyl moiety from holo-ACP is carried out by EC 3.1.4.14, [acyl-carrier-protein] phosphodiesterase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 37278-30-1
References:
1.  Elovson, J. and Vagelos, P.R. Acyl carrier protein. X. Acyl carrier protein synthetase. J. Biol. Chem. 243 (1968) 3603–3611. [PMID: 4872726]
2.  Prescott, D.J. and Vagelos, P.R. Acyl carrier protein. Adv. Enzymol. Relat. Areas Mol. Biol. 36 (1972) 269–311. [PMID: 4561013]
3.  Lambalot, R.H., Gehring, A.M., Flugel, R.S., Zuber, P., LaCelle, M., Marahiel, M.A., Reid, R., Khosla, C. and Walsh, C.T. A new enzyme superfamily - the phosphopantetheinyl transferases. Chem. Biol. 3 (1996) 923–936. [PMID: 8939709]
4.  Walsh, C.T., Gehring, A.M., Weinreb, P.H., Quadri, L.E.N. and Flugel, R.S. Post-translational modification of polyketide and nonribosomal peptide synthases. Curr. Opin. Chem. Biol. 1 (1997) 309–315. [PMID: 9667867]
5.  Mootz, H.D., Finking, R. and Marahiel, M.A. 4′-Phosphopantetheine transfer in primary and secondary metabolism of Bacillus subtilis. J. Biol. Chem. 276 (2001) 37289–37298. [PMID: 11489886]
6.  Joshi, A.K., Zhang, L., Rangan, V.S. and Smith, S. Cloning, expression, and characterization of a human 4′-phosphopantetheinyl transferase with broad substrate specificity. J. Biol. Chem. 278 (2003) 33142–33149. [PMID: 12815048]
[EC 2.7.8.7 created 1972, modified 2006]
 
 


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