The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.7.8.14     
Accepted name: CDP-ribitol ribitolphosphotransferase
Reaction: n CDP-ribitol + 4-O-di[(2R)-1-glycerophospho]-N-acetyl-β-D-mannosaminyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminyl-diphospho-ditrans,octacis-undecaprenol = n CMP + 4-O-(D-ribitylphospho)n-di[(2R)-1-glycerophospho]-N-acetyl-β-D-mannosaminyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminyl-diphospho-ditrans,octacis-undecaprenol
Other name(s): teichoic-acid synthase (ambiguous); polyribitol phosphate synthetase (ambiguous); teichoate synthetase (ambiguous); poly(ribitol phosphate) synthetase (ambiguous); polyribitol phosphate polymerase (ambiguous); teichoate synthase (ambiguous); CDP-ribitol:poly(ribitol phosphate) ribitolphosphotransferase
Systematic name: CDP-ribitol:4-O-di[(2R)-1-glycerophospho]-N-acetyl-β-D-mannosaminyl-(1→4)-N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminyl-diphospho-ditrans,octacis-undecaprenol ribitolphosphotransferase
Comments: Involved in the biosynthesis of poly ribitol phosphate teichoic acids in the cell wall of the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. This enzyme adds around 40 ribitol units to the linker molecule.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 9076-71-5
References:
1.  Ishimoto, N. and Strominger, J.L. Polyribitol phosphate synthetase of Staphylococcus aureus. J. Biol. Chem. 241 (1966) 639–650. [PMID: 5908130]
2.  Brown, S., Zhang, Y.H. and Walker, S. A revised pathway proposed for Staphylococcus aureus wall teichoic acid biosynthesis based on in vitro reconstitution of the intracellular steps. Chem. Biol. 15 (2008) 12–21. [PMID: 18215769]
3.  Pereira, M.P., D'Elia, M.A., Troczynska, J. and Brown, E.D. Duplication of teichoic acid biosynthetic genes in Staphylococcus aureus leads to functionally redundant poly(ribitol phosphate) polymerases. J. Bacteriol. 190 (2008) 5642–5649. [PMID: 18556787]
4.  Brown, S., Meredith, T., Swoboda, J. and Walker, S. Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis W23 make polyribitol wall teichoic acids using different enzymatic pathways. Chem. Biol. 17 (2010) 1101–1110. [PMID: 21035733]
[EC 2.7.8.14 created 1972 as EC 2.4.1.55, transferred 1982 to EC 2.7.8.14, modified 2017]
 
 


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