The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.7.7.2     
Accepted name: FAD synthetase
Reaction: ATP + FMN = diphosphate + FAD
For diagram of FAD biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): FAD pyrophosphorylase; riboflavin mononucleotide adenylyltransferase; adenosine triphosphate-riboflavin mononucleotide transadenylase; adenosine triphosphate-riboflavine mononucleotide transadenylase; riboflavin adenine dinucleotide pyrophosphorylase; riboflavine adenine dinucleotide adenylyltransferase; flavin adenine dinucleotide synthetase; FADS; FMN adenylyltransferase
Systematic name: ATP:FMN adenylyltransferase
Comments: Requires Mg2+ and is highly specific for ATP as phosphate donor [5]. The cofactors FMN and FAD participate in numerous processes in all organisms, including mitochondrial electron transport, photosynthesis, fatty-acid oxidation, and metabolism of vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and folates [3]. While monofunctional FAD synthetase is found in eukaryotes and in some prokaryotes, most prokaryotes have a bifunctional enzyme that exhibits both this activity and that of EC 2.7.1.26, riboflavin kinase [3,5].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 9026-37-3
References:
1.  Giri, K.V., Rao, N.A., Cama, H.R. and Kumar, S.A. Studies on flavinadenine dinucleotide-synthesizing enzyme in plants. Biochem. J. 75 (1960) 381–386. [PMID: 13828163]
2.  Schrecker, A.W. and Kornberg, A. Reversible enzymatic synthesis of flavin-adenine dinucleotide. J. Biol. Chem. 182 (1950) 795–803.
3.  Sandoval, F.J. and Roje, S. An FMN hydrolase is fused to a riboflavin kinase homolog in plants. J. Biol. Chem. 280 (2005) 38337–38345. [PMID: 16183635]
4.  Oka, M. and McCormick, D.B. Complete purification and general characterization of FAD synthetase from rat liver. J. Biol. Chem. 262 (1987) 7418–7422. [PMID: 3034893]
5.  Brizio, C., Galluccio, M., Wait, R., Torchetti, E.M., Bafunno, V., Accardi, R., Gianazza, E., Indiveri, C. and Barile, M. Over-expression in Escherichia coli and characterization of two recombinant isoforms of human FAD synthetase. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 344 (2006) 1008–1016. [PMID: 16643857]
[EC 2.7.7.2 created 1961, modified 2007]
 
 


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