The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.6.1.19     
Accepted name: 4-aminobutyrate—2-oxoglutarate transaminase
Reaction: 4-aminobutanoate + 2-oxoglutarate = succinate semialdehyde + L-glutamate
For diagram of arginine catabolism, click here
Glossary: 4-aminobutanoate = γ-aminobutyrate = GABA
Other name(s): β-alanine-oxoglutarate transaminase; aminobutyrate aminotransferase (ambiguous); β-alanine aminotransferase; β-alanine-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; γ-aminobutyrate aminotransaminase (ambiguous); γ-aminobutyrate transaminase (ambiguous); γ-aminobutyrate-α-ketoglutarate aminotransferase; γ-aminobutyrate-α-ketoglutarate transaminase; γ-aminobutyrate:α-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; γ-aminobutyric acid aminotransferase (ambiguous); γ-aminobutyric acid transaminase (ambiguous); γ-aminobutyric acid-α-ketoglutarate transaminase; γ-aminobutyric acid-α-ketoglutaric acid aminotransferase; γ-aminobutyric acid-2-oxoglutarate transaminase; γ-aminobutyric transaminase (ambiguous); 4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase (ambiguous); 4-aminobutyrate-2-ketoglutarate aminotransferase; 4-aminobutyrate-2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; 4-aminobutyrate-2-oxoglutarate transaminase; 4-aminobutyric acid 2-ketoglutaric acid aminotransferase; 4-aminobutyric acid aminotransferase (ambiguous); aminobutyrate transaminase (ambiguous); GABA aminotransferase (ambiguous); GABA transaminase (ambiguous); GABA transferase; GABA-α-ketoglutarate aminotransferase; GABA-α-ketoglutarate transaminase; GABA-α-ketoglutaric acid transaminase; GABA-α-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; GABA-2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; GABA-2-oxoglutarate transaminase; GABA-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; GABA-oxoglutarate transaminase; glutamate-succinic semialdehyde transaminase; GabT
Systematic name: 4-aminobutanoate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
Comments: Requires pyridoxal phosphate. Some preparations also act on β-alanine, 5-aminopentanoate and (R,S)-3-amino-2-methylpropanoate.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, GTD, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9037-67-6
References:
1.  Scott, E.M. and Jakoby, W.B. Soluble γ-aminobutyric-glutamic transaminase from Pseudomonas fluorescens. J. Biol. Chem. 234 (1959) 932–936. [PMID: 13654294]
2.  Aurich, H. Über die β-Alanin-α-Ketoglutarat-Transaminase aus Neurospora crassa. Hoppe-Seyler's Z. Physiol. Chem. 326 (1961) 25–33. [PMID: 13863304]
3.  Schausboe, A., Wu, J.-Y. and Roberts, E. Purification and characterization of the 4-aminobutyrate-2-ketoglutarate transaminase from mouse brain. Biochemistry 12 (1973) 2868–2873. [PMID: 4719123]
4.  Bartsch, K., von Johnn-Marteville, A. and Schulz, A. Molecular analysis of two genes of the Escherichia coli gab cluster: nucleotide sequence of the glutamate:succinic semialdehyde transaminase gene (gabT) and characterization of the succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase gene (gabD). J. Bacteriol. 172 (1990) 7035–7042. [PMID: 2254272]
[EC 2.6.1.19 created 1965, modified 1982, modified 2012]
 
 


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