The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.3.2.32     
Accepted name: cullin-RING-type E3 NEDD8 transferase
Reaction: [E2 NEDD8-conjugating enzyme]-S-[NEDD8-protein]-yl-L-cysteine + [cullin]-L-lysine = [E2 NEDD8-conjugating enzyme]-L-cysteine + [cullin]-N6-[NEDD8-protein]-yl-L-lysine
Glossary: NEDD = Neural-precursor-cell Expressed Developmentally Down-regulated protein
Other name(s): RBX1 (gene name)
Systematic name: [E2 NEDD8-conjugating enzyme]-S-[NEDD8-protein]-yl-L-cysteine:[cullin] [NEDD8-protein] transferase (isopeptide bond-forming; RING-type)
Comments: Some RING-type E3 ubiquitin transferase (EC 2.3.2.27) are not able to bind a substrate protein directly. Instead, they form a complex with a cullin scaffold protein and a substrate recognition module, which is named CRL for Cullin-RING-Ligase. The cullin protein needs to be activated by the ubiquitin-like protein NEDD8 in a process known as neddylation. The transfer of NEDD8 from a NEDD8-specific E2 enzyme onto the cullin protein is a secondary function of the RING-type E3 ubiquitin transferase in the CRL complex. The process requires auxiliary factors that belong to the DCN1 (defective in cullin neddylation 1) family.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Kim, A.Y., Bommelje, C.C., Lee, B.E., Yonekawa, Y., Choi, L., Morris, L.G., Huang, G., Kaufman, A., Ryan, R.J., Hao, B., Ramanathan, Y. and Singh, B. SCCRO (DCUN1D1) is an essential component of the E3 complex for neddylation. J. Biol. Chem. 283 (2008) 33211–33220. [DOI] [PMID: 18826954]
2.  Kurz, T., Chou, Y.C., Willems, A.R., Meyer-Schaller, N., Hecht, M.L., Tyers, M., Peter, M. and Sicheri, F. Dcn1 functions as a scaffold-type E3 ligase for cullin neddylation. Mol. Cell 29 (2008) 23–35. [DOI] [PMID: 18206966]
3.  Scott, D.C., Monda, J.K., Grace, C.R., Duda, D.M., Kriwacki, R.W., Kurz, T. and Schulman, B.A. A dual E3 mechanism for Rub1 ligation to Cdc53. Mol. Cell 39 (2010) 784–796. [DOI] [PMID: 20832729]
4.  Scott, D.C., Sviderskiy, V.O., Monda, J.K., Lydeard, J.R., Cho, S.E., Harper, J.W. and Schulman, B.A. Structure of a RING E3 trapped in action reveals ligation mechanism for the ubiquitin-like protein NEDD8. Cell 157 (2014) 1671–1684. [DOI] [PMID: 24949976]
5.  Monda, J.K., Scott, D.C., Miller, D.J., Lydeard, J., King, D., Harper, J.W., Bennett, E.J. and Schulman, B.A. Structural conservation of distinctive N-terminal acetylation-dependent interactions across a family of mammalian NEDD8 ligation enzymes. Structure 21 (2013) 42–53. [DOI] [PMID: 23201271]
[EC 2.3.2.32 created 2017]
 
 


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