The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.3.2.21     
Accepted name: cyclo(L-tyrosyl-L-tyrosyl) synthase
Reaction: 2 L-tyrosyl-tRNATyr = 2 tRNATyr + cyclo(L-tyrosyl-L-tyrosyl)
For diagram of cyclic dipeptide biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: cyclo(L-tyrosyl-L-tyrosyl) = (3S,6S)-3,6-bis[(4-hydroxyphenyl)methyl]piperazine-2,5-dione
Other name(s): Rv2275 (gene name); cYY synthase; cyclodityrosine synthase
Systematic name: L-tyrosyl-tRNATyr:L-tyrosyl-tRNATyr tyrosyltransferase (cyclizing)
Comments: The reaction proceeds following a ping-pong mechanism forming a covalent intermediate between an active site serine and the first L-tyrosine residue [2]. The protein, from the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, also forms small amounts of cyclo(L-tyrosyl-L-phenylalanyl) [1].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Gondry, M., Sauguet, L., Belin, P., Thai, R., Amouroux, R., Tellier, C., Tuphile, K., Jacquet, M., Braud, S., Courcon, M., Masson, C., Dubois, S., Lautru, S., Lecoq, A., Hashimoto, S., Genet, R. and Pernodet, J.L. Cyclodipeptide synthases are a family of tRNA-dependent peptide bond-forming enzymes. Nat. Chem. Biol. 5 (2009) 414–420. [PMID: 19430487]
2.  Vetting, M.W., Hegde, S.S. and Blanchard, J.S. The structure and mechanism of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis cyclodityrosine synthetase. Nat. Chem. Biol. 6 (2010) 797–799. [PMID: 20852636]
[EC 2.3.2.21 created 2013]
 
 


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