The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.3.1.185     
Accepted name: tropine acyltransferase
Reaction: an acyl-CoA + tropine = CoA + an O-acyltropine
For diagram of tropane alkaloid biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: tropine = tropan-3α-ol = 3α-hydroxytropane
Other name(s): tropine:acyl-CoA transferase; acetyl-CoA:tropan-3-ol acyltransferase; tropine acetyltransferase; tropine tigloyltransferase; TAT
Systematic name: acyl-CoA:tropine O-acyltransferase
Comments: This enzyme exhibits absolute specificity for the endo/3α configuration found in tropine as pseudotropine (tropan-3β-ol; see EC 2.3.1.186, pseudotropine acyltransferase) is not a substrate [3]. Acts on a wide range of aliphatic acyl-CoA derivatives, with tigloyl-CoA and acetyl-CoA being the best substrates. It is probably involved in the formation of the tropane alkaloid littorine, which is a precursor of hyoscyamine [4].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 138440-79-6, 162535-29-7
References:
1.  Robins, R.J., Bachmann, P., Robinson, T., Rhodes, M.J. and Yamada, Y. The formation of 3α- and 3β-acetoxytropanes by Datura stramonium transformed root cultures involves two acetyl-CoA-dependent acyltransferases. FEBS Lett. 292 (1991) 293–297. [PMID: 1959620]
2.  Robins, R.J., Bachmann,P., Peerless, A.C.J. and Rabot, S. Esterification reactions in the biosynthesis of tropane alkaloids in transformed root cultures. Plant Cell, Tissue Organ Cult. 38 (1994) 241–247.
3.  Boswell, H.D., Dräger, B., McLauchlan, W.R., Portsteffen, A., Robins, D.J., Robins, R.J. and Walton, N.J. Specificities of the enzymes of N-alkyltropane biosynthesis in Brugmansia and Datura. Phytochemistry 52 (1999) 871–878. [PMID: 10626376]
4.  Li, R., Reed, D.W., Liu, E., Nowak, J., Pelcher, L.E., Page, J.E. and Covello, P.S. Functional genomic analysis of alkaloid biosynthesis in Hyoscyamus niger reveals a cytochrome P450 involved in littorine rearrangement. Chem. Biol. 13 (2006) 513–520. [PMID: 16720272]
[EC 2.3.1.185 created 2008]
 
 


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