EC 2.3.1.162     
Accepted name: taxadien-5α-ol O-acetyltransferase
Reaction: acetyl-CoA + taxa-4(20),11-dien-5α-ol = CoA + taxa-4(20),11-dien-5α-yl acetate
Other name(s): acetyl coenzyme A:taxa-4(20),11(12)-dien-5α-ol O-acetyl transferase
Systematic name: acetyl-CoA:taxa-4(20),11-dien-5α-ol O-acetyltransferase
Comments: This is the third enzyme in the biosynthesis of the diterpenoid antineoplastic drug taxol (paclitaxel), which is widely used in the treatment of carcinomas, sarcomas and melanomas.
References:
1.  Walker, K., Ketchum, R.E., Hezari, M., Gatfield, D., Goleniowski, M., Barthol, A. and Croteau, R. Partial purification and characterization of acetyl coenzyme A: taxa-4(20),11(12)-dien-5α-ol O-acetyl transferase that catalyzes the first acylation step of taxol biosynthesis. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 364 (1999) 273. [PMID: 10190984]
2.  Walker, K., Schoendorf, A. and Croteau, R. Molecular cloning of a taxa-4(20),11(12)-dien-5α-ol-O-acetyl transferase cDNA from Taxus and functional expression in Escherichia coli. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 374 (2000) 371–380. [PMID: 10666320]
[EC 2.3.1.162 created 2002]
 
 


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