The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.2.1.12     
Accepted name: 3-acetyloctanal synthase
Reaction: pyruvate + (E)-oct-2-enal = (S)-3-acetyloctanal + CO2
Other name(s): pigD (gene name)
Systematic name: pyruvate:(E)-oct-2-enal acetaldehydetransferase (decarboxylating)
Comments: Requires thiamine diphosphate. The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Serratia marcescens, participates in the biosynthesis of the antibiotic prodigiosin. The enzyme decarboxylates pyruvate, followed by attack of the resulting two-carbon fragment on (E)-oct-2-enal, resulting in a Stetter reaction. In vitro the enzyme can act on a number of α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds, including aldehydes and ketones, and can catalyse both 1-2 and 1-4 carboligations depending on the substrate.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Williamson, N.R., Simonsen, H.T., Ahmed, R.A., Goldet, G., Slater, H., Woodley, L., Leeper, F.J. and Salmond, G.P. Biosynthesis of the red antibiotic, prodigiosin, in Serratia: identification of a novel 2-methyl-3-n-amyl-pyrrole (MAP) assembly pathway, definition of the terminal condensing enzyme, and implications for undecylprodigiosin biosynthesis in Streptomyces. Mol. Microbiol. 56 (2005) 971–989. [PMID: 15853884]
2.  Dresen, C., Richter, M., Pohl, M., Ludeke, S. and Müller, M. The enzymatic asymmetric conjugate umpolung reaction. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49 (2010) 6600–6603. [PMID: 20669204]
3.  Kasparyan, E., Richter, M., Dresen, C., Walter, L.S., Fuchs, G., Leeper, F.J., Wacker, T., Andrade, S.L., Kolter, G., Pohl, M. and Müller, M. Asymmetric Stetter reactions catalyzed by thiamine diphosphate-dependent enzymes. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 98 (2014) 9681–9690. [PMID: 24957249]
[EC 2.2.1.12 created 2014]
 
 


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