The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.1.1.255     
Accepted name: geranyl diphosphate 2-C-methyltransferase
Reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + geranyl diphosphate = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + (E)-2-methylgeranyl diphosphate
For diagram of reaction, click here
Other name(s): SCO7701; GPP methyltransferase; GPPMT; 2-methyl-GPP synthase; MGPPS; geranyl pyrophosphate methyltransferase
Systematic name: S-adenosyl-L-methionine:geranyl-diphosphate 2-C-methyltransferase
Comments: This enzyme, along with EC 4.2.3.118, 2-methylisoborneol synthase, produces 2-methylisoborneol, an odiferous compound produced by soil microorganisms with a strong earthy/musty odour.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Wang, C.M. and Cane, D.E. Biochemistry and molecular genetics of the biosynthesis of the earthy odorant methylisoborneol in Streptomyces coelicolor. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130 (2008) 8908–8909. [PMID: 18563898]
2.  Ariyawutthiphan, O., Ose, T., Tsuda, M., Gao, Y., Yao, M., Minami, A., Oikawa, H. and Tanaka, I. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray crystallographic study of a methyltransferase involved in 2-methylisoborneol biosynthesis in Streptomyces lasaliensis. Acta Crystallogr. Sect. F Struct. Biol. Cryst. Commun. 67 (2011) 417–420. [PMID: 21393856]
3.  Komatsu, M., Tsuda, M., Omura, S., Oikawa, H. and Ikeda, H. Identification and functional analysis of genes controlling biosynthesis of 2-methylisoborneol. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105 (2008) 7422–7427. [PMID: 18492804]
4.  Giglio, S., Chou, W.K., Ikeda, H., Cane, D.E. and Monis, P.T. Biosynthesis of 2-methylisoborneol in cyanobacteria. Environ. Sci. Technol. 45 (2011) 992–998. [PMID: 21174459]
[EC 2.1.1.255 created 2012]
 
 


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