The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.1.1.212     
Accepted name: 2,7,4′-trihydroxyisoflavanone 4′-O-methyltransferase
Reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 2,4′,7-trihydroxyisoflavanone = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + 2,7-dihydroxy-4′-methoxyisoflavanone
For diagram of daidzein biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): SAM:2,7,4′-trihydroxyisoflavanone 4′-O-methyltransferase; HI4′OMT; HMM1; MtIOMT5; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:2,7,4′-trihydroxyisoflavanone 4′-O-methyltransferase
Systematic name: S-adenosyl-L-methionine:2,4′,7-trihydroxyisoflavanone 4′-O-methyltransferase
Comments: Specifically methylates 2,4′,7-trihydroxyisoflavanone on the 4′-position. No activity with isoflavones [2]. The enzyme is involved in formononetin biosynthesis in legumes [1]. The protein from pea (Pisum sativum) also methylates (+)-6a-hydroxymaackiain at the 3-position (cf. EC 2.1.1.270, (+)-6a-hydroxymaackiain 3-O-methyltransferase) [4].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Akashi, T., Sawada, Y., Shimada, N., Sakurai, N., Aoki, T. and Ayabe, S. cDNA cloning and biochemical characterization of S-adenosyl-L-methionine: 2,7,4′-trihydroxyisoflavanone 4′-O-methyltransferase, a critical enzyme of the legume isoflavonoid phytoalexin pathway. Plant Cell Physiol. 44 (2003) 103–112. [PMID: 12610212]
2.  Deavours, B.E., Liu, C.J., Naoumkina, M.A., Tang, Y., Farag, M.A., Sumner, L.W., Noel, J.P. and Dixon, R.A. Functional analysis of members of the isoflavone and isoflavanone O-methyltransferase enzyme families from the model legume Medicago truncatula. Plant Mol. Biol. 62 (2006) 715–733. [PMID: 17001495]
3.  Liu, C.J., Deavours, B.E., Richard, S.B., Ferrer, J.L., Blount, J.W., Huhman, D., Dixon, R.A. and Noel, J.P. Structural basis for dual functionality of isoflavonoid O-methyltransferases in the evolution of plant defense responses. Plant Cell 18 (2006) 3656–3669. [PMID: 17172354]
4.  Akashi, T., VanEtten, H.D., Sawada, Y., Wasmann, C.C., Uchiyama, H. and Ayabe, S. Catalytic specificity of pea O-methyltransferases suggests gene duplication for (+)-pisatin biosynthesis. Phytochemistry 67 (2006) 2525–2530. [PMID: 17067644]
[EC 2.1.1.212 created 2011]
 
 


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