EC 1.9.3.1     
Accepted name: cytochrome-c oxidase
Reaction: 4 ferrocytochrome c + O2 + 4 H+ = 4 ferricytochrome c + 2 H2O
Other name(s): cytochrome oxidase; cytochrome a3; cytochrome aa3; Warburg’s respiratory enzyme; indophenol oxidase; indophenolase; complex IV (mitochondrial electron transport); ferrocytochrome c oxidase; NADH cytochrome c oxidase
Systematic name: ferrocytochrome-c:oxygen oxidoreductase
Comments: A cytochrome of the a type containing copper. The reduction of O2 to water is accompanied by the extrusion of four protons from the intramitochondrial compartment. Several bacteria appear to contain analogous oxidases.
References:
1.  Keilin, D. and Hartree, E.F. Cytochrome oxidase. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 125 (1938) 171–186.
2.  Keilin, D. and Hartree, E.F. Cytochrome and cytochrome oxidase. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 127 (1939) 167–191.
3.  Wainio, W.W., Eichel, B. and Gould, A. Ion and pH optimum for the oxidation of ferrocytochrome c by cytochrome c oxidase in air. J. Biol. Chem. 235 (1960) 1521–1525.
4.  Yonetani, T. Studies on cytochrome oxidase. II. Steady state properties. J. Biol. Chem. 235 (1960) 3138–3243. [PMID: 13787372]
5.  Yonetani, T. Studies on cytochrome oxidase. III. Improved purification and some properties. J. Biol. Chem. 236 (1961) 1680–1688. [PMID: 13787373]
[EC 1.9.3.1 created 1961, modified 2000]
 
 


Data © 2001–2019 IUBMB
Web site © 2005–2019 Andrew McDonald