The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: bacterial sulfide:quinone reductase
Reaction: n HS- + n quinone = polysulfide + n quinol
Other name(s): sqr (gene name); sulfide:quinone reductase (ambiguous)
Systematic name: sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase
Comments: Contains FAD. Ubiquinone, plastoquinone or menaquinone can act as acceptor in different species. This enzyme catalyses the formation of sulfur globules. It repeats the catalytic cycle without releasing the product, producing a polysulfide of up to 10 sulfur atoms. The reaction stops when the maximum length of the polysulfide that can be accommodated in the sulfide oxidation pocket is achieved. The enzyme also plays an important role in anoxygenic bacterial photosynthesis. cf. EC, eukaryotic sulfide quinone oxidoreductase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Arieli, B., Shahak, Y., Taglicht, D., Hauska, G. and Padan, E. Purification and characterization of sulfide-quinone reductase, a novel enzyme driving anoxygenic photosynthesis in Oscillatoria limnetica. J. Biol. Chem. 269 (1994) 5705–5711. [PMID: 8119908]
2.  Reinartz, M., Tschape, J., Bruser, T., Truper, H.G. and Dahl, C. Sulfide oxidation in the phototrophic sulfur bacterium Chromatium vinosum. Arch. Microbiol. 170 (1998) 59–68. [PMID: 9639604]
3.  Nubel, T., Klughammer, C., Huber, R., Hauska, G. and Schutz, M. Sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase in membranes of the hyperthermophilic bacterium Aquifex aeolicus (VF5). Arch. Microbiol. 173 (2000) 233–244. [PMID: 10816041]
4.  Brito, J.A., Sousa, F.L., Stelter, M., Bandeiras, T.M., Vonrhein, C., Teixeira, M., Pereira, M.M. and Archer, M. Structural and functional insights into sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase. Biochemistry 48 (2009) 5613–5622. [DOI] [PMID: 19438211]
5.  Cherney, M.M., Zhang, Y., Solomonson, M., Weiner, J.H. and James, M.N. Crystal structure of sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase from Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans: insights into sulfidotrophic respiration and detoxification. J. Mol. Biol. 398 (2010) 292–305. [DOI] [PMID: 20303979]
6.  Marcia, M., Langer, J.D., Parcej, D., Vogel, V., Peng, G. and Michel, H. Characterizing a monotopic membrane enzyme. Biochemical, enzymatic and crystallization studies on Aquifex aeolicus sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1798 (2010) 2114–2123. [DOI] [PMID: 20691146]
[EC created 2011, modified 2017]

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