The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: (R)-6-hydroxynicotine oxidase
Reaction: (R)-6-hydroxynicotine + H2O + O2 = 1-(6-hydroxypyridin-3-yl)-4-(methylamino)butan-1-one + H2O2 (overall reaction)
(1a) (R)-6-hydroxynicotine + O2 = 5-(N-methyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrol-2-yl)pyridin-2-ol + H2O2
(1b) 5-(N-methyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrol-2-yl)pyridin-2-ol + H2O = 1-(6-hydroxypyridin-3-yl)-4-(methylamino)butan-1-one (spontaneous)
For diagram of nicotine catabolism by arthrobacter, click here
Glossary: (R)-6-hydroxynicotine = 5-[(2R)-1-methylpyrrolidin-2-yl]pyridin-2-ol
5-(N-methyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrol-2-yl)pyridin-2-ol = 6-hydroxy-N-methylmyosmine
1-(6-hydroxypyridin-3-yl)-4-(methylamino)butan-1-one = 6-hydroxypseudooxynicotine
Other name(s): D-6-hydroxynicotine oxidase; 6-hydroxy-D-nicotine oxidase
Systematic name: (R)-6-hydroxynicotine:oxygen oxidoreductase
Comments: A flavoprotein (FAD). The enzyme, which participates in nicotine degradation, is specific for (R) isomer of 6-hydroxynicotine, derived from the uncommon (R)-nicotine. The bacterium Arthrobacter nicotinovorans, in which this enzyme was originally discovered, has a different enzyme that catalyses a similar reaction with the (S)-isomer (cf. EC, (S)-6-hydroxynicotine oxidase).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, UM-BBD, CAS registry number: 37233-46-8
1.  Decker, K. and Bleeg, H. Induction and purification of stereospecific nicotine oxidizing enzymes from Arthrobacter oxidans. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 105 (1965) 313–324. [PMID: 5849820]
2.  Brühmüller, M., Möhler, H.K. and Decker, K. Covalently bound flavin in D-6-hydroxynicotine oxidase from Arthrobacter oxidans. Purification and properties of D-6-hydroxynicotine oxidase. Eur. J. Biochem. 29 (1972) 143–151. [PMID: 4628374]
3.  Brandsch, R., Hinkkanen, A.E., Mauch, L., Nagursky, H. and Decker, K. 6-Hydroxy-D-nicotine oxidase of Arthrobacter oxidans. Gene structure of the flavoenzyme and its relationship to 6-hydroxy-L-nicotine oxidase. Eur. J. Biochem. 167 (1987) 315–320. [PMID: 3622516]
4.  Schenk, S., Hoelz, A., Krauss, B. and Decker, K. Gene structures and properties of enzymes of the plasmid-encoded nicotine catabolism of Arthrobacter nicotinovorans. J. Mol. Biol. 284 (1998) 1323–1339. [PMID: 9878353]
5.  Koetter, J.W. and Schulz, G.E. Crystal structure of 6-hydroxy-D-nicotine oxidase from Arthrobacter nicotinovorans. J. Mol. Biol. 352 (2005) 418–428. [PMID: 16095622]
[EC created 1972, modified 2015]

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