The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (NADP+)
Reaction: acyl-CoA + NADP+ = 2,3-dehydroacyl-CoA + NADPH + H+
Other name(s): 2-enoyl-CoA reductase; dehydrogenase, acyl coenzyme A (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate); enoyl coenzyme A reductase; crotonyl coenzyme A reductase; crotonyl-CoA reductase; acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (NADP+)
Systematic name: acyl-CoA:NADP+ 2-oxidoreductase
Comments: The liver enzyme acts on enoyl-CoA derivatives of carbon chain length 4 to 16, with optimum activity on 2-hexenoyl-CoA. In Escherichia coli, cis-specific and trans-specific enzymes exist [EC cis-2-enoyl-CoA reductase (NADPH) and EC trans-2-enoyl-CoA reductase (NADPH)].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 37251-07-3
1.  Dommes, V., Luster, W., Cvetanovic, M. and Kunau, W.-H. Purification by affinity chromatography of 2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductases from bovine liver and Escherichia coli. Eur. J. Biochem. 125 (1982) 335–341. [PMID: 6749495]
2.  Seubert, W., Lamberts, I., Kramer, R. and Ohly, B. On the mechanism of malonyl-CoA-independent fatty acid synthesis. I. The mechanism of elongation of long-chain fatty acids by acetyl-CoA. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 164 (1968) 498–517. [PMID: 4387390]
[EC created 1972, modified 1986]

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