The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.14.99.50     
Accepted name: γ-glutamyl hercynylcysteine S-oxide synthase
Reaction: hercynine + γ-L-glutamyl-L-cysteine + O2 = γ-L-glutamyl-S-(hercyn-2-yl)-L-cysteine S-oxide + H2O
For diagram of ergothioneine and ovothiol biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: hercynine = Nα,Nα,Nα-trimethyl-L-histidine
Other name(s): EgtB
Systematic name: hercynine,γ-L-glutamyl-L-cysteine:oxygen oxidoreductase [γ-L-glutamyl-S-(hercyn-2-yl)-L-cysteine S-oxide-forming]
Comments: Requires Fe2+ for activity. The enzyme, found in bacteria, is specific for both hercynine and γ-L-glutamyl-L-cysteine. It is part of the biosynthesis pathway of ergothioneine.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Seebeck, F.P. In vitro reconstitution of Mycobacterial ergothioneine biosynthesis. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132 (2010) 6632–6633. [PMID: 20420449]
2.  Pluskal, T., Ueno, M. and Yanagida, M. Genetic and metabolomic dissection of the ergothioneine and selenoneine biosynthetic pathway in the fission yeast, S. pombe, and construction of an overproduction system. PLoS One 9:e97774 (2014). [PMID: 24828577]
[EC 1.14.99.50 created 2015]
 
 


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