The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.14.19.42     
Accepted name: palmitoyl-[glycerolipid] 7-desaturase
Reaction: a 1-acyl-2-palmitoyl-[glycerolipid] + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + O2 + 2 H+ = a 1-acyl-2-[(7Z)-hexadec-7-enoyl]-[glycerolipid] + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + 2 H2O
Other name(s): FAD5
Systematic name: 1-acyl-2-palmitoyl-[glycerolipid],ferredoxin:oxygen oxidoreductase (7,8-cis-dehydrogenating)
Comments: The enzyme introduces a cis double bond at carbon 7 of a palmitoyl group attached to the sn-2 position of glycerolipids. The enzyme from the plant Arabidopsis thaliana is specific for palmitate in monogalactosyldiacylglycerol.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Kunst, L., Browse, J., Somerville, C.R. A mutant of Arabidopsis deficient in desaturation of palmitic acid in leaf lipids. Plant Physiol. 90 (1989) 943–947.
2.  Heilmann, I., Mekhedov, S., King, B., Browse, J. and Shanklin, J. Identification of the Arabidopsis palmitoyl-monogalactosyldiacylglycerol Δ7-desaturase gene FAD5, and effects of plastidial retargeting of Arabidopsis desaturases on the fad5 mutant phenotype. Plant Physiol. 136 (2004) 4237–4245. [PMID: 15579662]
[EC 1.14.19.42 created 2015]
 
 


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