||This enzyme, found in eukaryotic organisms, catalyses the introduction of a double bond between the C5 and C6 carbons of the B ring of Δ7-sterols, to yield the corresponding Δ5,7-sterols. The enzymes from yeast, plants and vertebrates act on avenasterol, episterol, and lathosterol, respectively. The enzyme is located at the endoplasmic reticulum and is membrane bound.
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||Honjo, K., Ishibashi, T. and Imai, Y. Partial purification and characterization of lathosterol 5-desaturase from rat liver microsomes. J. Biochem. 97 (1985) 955–959. [PMID: 4019441]
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||Taton, M. and Rahier, A. Plant sterol biosynthesis: identification and characterization of higher plant Δ7-sterol C5(6)-desaturase. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 325 (1996) 279–288. [DOI] [PMID: 8561508]
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||Taton, M., Husselstein, T., Benveniste, P. and Rahier, A. Role of highly conserved residues in the reaction catalyzed by recombinant Δ7-sterol-C5(6)-desaturase studied by site-directed mutagenesis. Biochemistry 39 (2000) 701–711. [DOI] [PMID: 10651635]
||Poklepovich, T.J., Rinaldi, M.A., Tomazic, M.L., Favale, N.O., Turkewitz, A.P., Nudel, C.B. and Nusblat, A.D. The cytochrome b5 dependent C-5(6) sterol desaturase DES5A from the endoplasmic reticulum of Tetrahymena thermophila complements ergosterol biosynthesis mutants in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Steroids 77 (2012) 1313–1320. [DOI] [PMID: 22982564]