The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.14.14.43     
Accepted name: (methylsulfanyl)alkanaldoxime N-monooxygenase
Reaction: an (E)-ω-(methylsulfanyl)alkanal oxime + [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + glutathione + O2 = an S-[(1E)-1-(hydroxyimino)-ω-(methylsulfanyl)alkyl]-L-glutathione + [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + 2 H2O (overall reaction)
(1a) an (E)-ω-(methylsulfanyl)alkanal oxime + [reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + O2 = a 1-(methylsulfanyl)-4-aci-nitroalkane + [oxidized NADPH—hemoprotein reductase] + H2O
(1b) a 1-(methylsulfanyl)-4-aci-nitroalkane + glutathione = an S-[(1E)-1-(hydroxyimino)-ω-(methylsulfanyl)alkyl]-L-glutathione + H2O
Glossary: a 1-(methylsulfanyl)-4-aci-nitroalkane = a hydroxyoxo-λ5-azanylidene-ω-(methylsulfanyl)alkane
Other name(s): CYP83A1 (gene name); (methylthio)alkanaldoxime N-monooxygenase
Systematic name: (E)-ω-(methylsulfanyl)alkananal oxime,[reduced NADPH—hemoprotein reductase]:oxygen oxidoreductase (N-hydroxylating)
Comments: This cytochrome P-450 (heme thiolate) enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of glucosinolates in plants. The enzyme catalyses an N-hydroxylation of the E isomer of n-(methylsulfanyl)alkanal oximes, forming an aci-nitro intermediate that reacts non-enzymically with glutathione to produce an N-alkyl-thiohydroximate adduct, the committed precursor of glucosinolates. In the absence of a thiol compound, the enzyme is suicidal, probably due to interaction of the reactive aci-nitro intermediate with active site residues.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Bak, S., Tax, F.E., Feldmann, K.A., Galbraith, D.W. and Feyereisen, R. CYP83B1, a cytochrome P450 at the metabolic branch point in auxin and indole glucosinolate biosynthesis in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 13 (2001) 101–111. [PMID: 11158532]
2.  Naur, P., Petersen, B.L., Mikkelsen, M.D., Bak, S., Rasmussen, H., Olsen, C.E. and Halkier, B.A. CYP83A1 and CYP83B1, two nonredundant cytochrome P450 enzymes metabolizing oximes in the biosynthesis of glucosinolates in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 133 (2003) 63–72. [PMID: 12970475]
3.  Clausen, M., Kannangara, R.M., Olsen, C.E., Blomstedt, C.K., Gleadow, R.M., Jørgensen, K., Bak, S., Motawie, M.S. and Møller, B.L. The bifurcation of the cyanogenic glucoside and glucosinolate biosynthetic pathways. Plant J. 84 (2015) 558–573. [PMID: 26361733]
[EC 1.14.14.43 created 2017]
 
 


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