The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: cyclohexanone monooxygenase
Reaction: cyclohexanone + NADPH + H+ + O2 = hexano-6-lactone + NADP+ + H2O
For diagram of reaction, click here
Other name(s): cyclohexanone 1,2-monooxygenase; cyclohexanone oxygenase; cyclohexanone:NADPH:oxygen oxidoreductase (6-hydroxylating, 1,2-lactonizing)
Systematic name: cyclohexanone,NADPH:oxygen oxidoreductase (lactone-forming)
Comments: A flavoprotein (FAD). In the catalytic mechanism of this enzyme, the nucleophilic species that attacks the carbonyl group is a peroxyflavin intermediate that is generated by reaction of the enzyme-bound flavin cofactor with NAD(P)H and oxygen [2]. This enzyme is able to catalyse a wide range of oxidative reactions, including enantioselective Baeyer-Villiger reactions [3], sulfoxidations [4], amine oxidations [5] and epoxidations [6].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, UM-BBD, CAS registry number: 52037-90-8
1.  Donoghue, N.A., Morris, D.B. and Trudgill, P.W. The purification and properties of cyclohexanone oxygenase from Nocardia globerula CL1 and Acinetobacter NCIB 9871. Eur. J. Biochem. 63 (1976) 175–192. [PMID: 1261545]
2.  Sheng, D., Ballou, D.P. and Massey, V. Mechanistic studies of cyclohexanone monooxygenase: chemical properties of intermediates involved in catalysis. Biochemistry 40 (2001) 11156–11167. [PMID: 11551214]
3.  Stewart, J.D. Cyclohexanone monooxygenase: a useful reagent for asymmetric Baeyer-Villiger reactions. Curr. Org. Chem. 2 (1998) 195–216.
4.  Chen, G., Kayser, M.M., Milhovilovic, M.D., Mrstik, M.E., Martinez, C.A. and Stewart, J.D. Asymmetric oxidations at sulfur catalyzed by engineered strains that overexpress cyclohexanone monooxygenase. New J. Chem. 23 (1999) 827–832.
5.  Ottolina, G., Bianchi, S., Belloni, B., Carrea, G. and Danieli, B. First asymmetric oxidation of tertiary amines by cyclohexanone monooxygenase. Tetrahedron Lett. 40 (1999) 8483–8486.
6.  Colonna, S., Gaggero, N., Carrea, G., Ottolina, G., Pasta, P. and Zambianchi, F. First asymmetric epoxidation catalysed by cyclohexanone monooxygenase. Tetrahedron Lett. 43 (2002) 1797–1799.
[EC created 1984, modified 2004]

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