The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.14.13.157     
Accepted name: 1,8-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase
Reaction: 1,8-cineole + NADPH + H+ + O2 = 2-exo-hydroxy-1,8-cineole + NADP+ + H2O
For diagram of 1,8-cineole catabolism, click here
Glossary: 1,8-cineole = 1,3,3-trimethyl-2-oxabicyclo[2.2.2]octane
2-exo-hydroxy-1,8-cineole = (1R,4S,6S)-1,3,3-trimethyl-2-oxabicyclo[2.2.2]octan-6-ol
Other name(s): CYP3A4
Systematic name: 1,8-cineole,NADPH:oxygen oxidoreductase (2-exo-hydroxylating)
Comments: A heme-thiolate protein (P-450). The mammalian enzyme, expressed in liver microsomes, performs a variety of oxidation reactions of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. cf. EC 1.14.13.97 (taurochenodeoxycholate 6-hydroxylase), EC 1.14.13.67 (quinine 3-monooxygenase) and EC 1.14.13.32 (albendazole monooxygenase).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Miyazawa, M., Shindo, M. and Shimada, T. Oxidation of 1,8-cineole, the monoterpene cyclic ether originated from Eucalyptus polybractea, by cytochrome P450 3A enzymes in rat and human liver microsomes. Drug Metab. Dispos. 29 (2001) 200–205. [PMID: 11159812]
2.  Miyazawa, M. and Shindo, M. Biotransformation of 1,8-cineole by human liver microsomes. Nat. Prod. Lett. 15 (2001) 49–53. [PMID: 11547423]
3.  Miyazawa, M., Shindo, M. and Shimada, T. Roles of cytochrome P450 3A enzymes in the 2-hydroxylation of 1,4-cineole, a monoterpene cyclic ether, by rat and human liver microsomes. Xenobiotica 31 (2001) 713–723. [PMID: 11695850]
[EC 1.14.13.157 created 2012]
 
 


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