The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: phenylalanine N-monooxygenase
Reaction: L-phenylalanine + 2 O2 + 2 NADPH + 2 H+ = (E)-phenylacetaldoxime + 2 NADP+ + CO2 + 3 H2O (overall reaction)
(1a) L-phenylalanine + O2 + NADPH + H+ = N-hydroxy-L-phenylalanine + NADP+ + H2O
(1b) N-hydroxy-L-phenylalanine + O2 + NADPH + H+ = N,N-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine + NADP+ + H2O
(1c) N,N-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine = (E)-phenylacetaldoxime + CO2 + H2O
Other name(s): phenylalanine N-hydroxylase; CYP79A2
Systematic name: L-phenylalanine,NADPH:oxygen oxidoreductase (N-hydroxylating)
Comments: A heme-thiolate protein (P-450). This enzyme catalyses two successive N-hydroxylations of L-phenylalanine, the first committed steps in the biosynthesis of benzylglucosinolate. The product of the two hydroxylations, N,N-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine, is extremely labile and dehydrates spontaneously.The dehydrated product is then subject to a decarboxylation that produces the oxime. It is still not known whether the decarboxylation is spontaneous or catalysed by the enzyme. The product, (E)-phenylacetaldoxime, undergoes a spontaneous isomerization to the (Z) form.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Wittstock, U. and Halkier, B.A. Cytochrome P450 CYP79A2 from Arabidopsis thaliana L. Catalyzes the conversion of L-phenylalanine to phenylacetaldoxime in the biosynthesis of benzylglucosinolate. J. Biol. Chem. 275 (2000) 14659–14666. [PMID: 10799553]
[EC created 2011]

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