The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.14.11.48     
Accepted name: xanthine dioxygenase
Reaction: xanthine + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = urate + succinate + CO2
For diagram of AMP catabolism, click here
Other name(s): XanA; α-ketoglutarate-dependent xanthine hydroxylase
Systematic name: xanthine,2-oxoglutarate:oxygen oxidoreductase
Comments: Requires Fe2+ and L-ascorbate. The enzyme, which was characterized from fungi, is specific for xanthine.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Cultrone, A., Scazzocchio, C., Rochet, M., Montero-Moran, G., Drevet, C. and Fernandez-Martin, R. Convergent evolution of hydroxylation mechanisms in the fungal kingdom: molybdenum cofactor-independent hydroxylation of xanthine via α-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases. Mol. Microbiol. 57 (2005) 276–290. [PMID: 15948966]
2.  Montero-Moran, G.M., Li, M., Rendon-Huerta, E., Jourdan, F., Lowe, D.J., Stumpff-Kane, A.W., Feig, M., Scazzocchio, C. and Hausinger, R.P. Purification and characterization of the FeII- and α-ketoglutarate-dependent xanthine hydroxylase from Aspergillus nidulans. Biochemistry 46 (2007) 5293–5304. [PMID: 17429948]
3.  Li, M., Muller, T.A., Fraser, B.A. and Hausinger, R.P. Characterization of active site variants of xanthine hydroxylase from Aspergillus nidulans. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 470 (2008) 44–53. [PMID: 18036331]
[EC 1.14.11.48 created 2015]
 
 


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