The enzyme, characterized from the moth Galleria mellonella and the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, is involved in the synthesis of retinal from dietary caroteoids in insects. The enzyme accepts different all-trans carotenoids, including β-carotene, α-carotene and lutein, and catalyses the symmetrical cleavage of the carotenoid and the simultaneous isomerization of only one of the products to a cis configuration. When the substrate is hydroxylated only in one side (as in cryptoxanthin), the enzyme preferentially isomerizes the hydroxylated part of the molecule.
Oberhauser, V., Voolstra, O., Bangert, A., von Lintig, J. and Vogt, K. NinaB combines carotenoid oxygenase and retinoid isomerase activity in a single polypeptide. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA105 (2008) 19000–19005. [PMID: 19020100]
[EC 18.104.22.168 created 2012 as EC 22.214.171.124, transferred 2012 to EC 126.96.36.199]