The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.11.1.8     
Accepted name: iodide peroxidase
Reaction: (1) 2 iodide + H2O2 + 2 H+ = diiodine + 2 H2O
(2) [thyroglobulin]-L-tyrosine + iodide + H2O2 = [thyroglobulin]-3-iodo-L-tyrosine + 2 H2O
(3) [thyroglobulin]-3-iodo-L-tyrosine + iodide + H2O2 = [thyroglobulin]-3,5-diiodo-L-tyrosine + 2 H2O
(4) 2 [thyroglobulin]-3,5-diiodo-L-tyrosine + H2O2 = [thyroglobulin]-L-thyroxine + [thyroglobulin]-aminoacrylate + 2 H2O
(5) [thyroglobulin]-3-iodo-L-tyrosine + [thyroglobulin]-3,5-diiodo-L-tyrosine + H2O2 = [thyroglobulin]-3,5,3′-triiodo-L-thyronine + [thyroglobulin]-aminoacrylate + 2 H2O
Glossary: 3,5,3′-triiodo-L-thyronine = triiodo-L-thyronine
Other name(s): thyroid peroxidase; iodotyrosine deiodase; iodinase; iodoperoxidase (heme type); iodide peroxidase-tyrosine iodinase; iodotyrosine deiodinase; monoiodotyrosine deiodinase; thyroperoxidase; tyrosine iodinase; TPO
Systematic name: iodide:hydrogen-peroxide oxidoreductase
Comments: Thyroid peroxidase catalyses the biosynthesis of the thyroid hormones L-thyroxine and triiodo-L-thyronine. It catalyses both the iodination of tyrosine residues in thyroglobulin (forming mono- and di-iodinated forms) and their coupling to form either L-thyroxine or triiodo-L-thyronine.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 9031-28-1
References:
1.  Cunningham, B.A. and Kirkwood, S. Enzyme systems concerned with the synthesis of monoiodotyrosine. III. Ion requirements of the soluble system. J. Biol. Chem. 236 (1961) 485–489. [PMID: 13718859]
2.  Hosoya, T., Kondo, Y. and Ui, N. Peroxidase activity in thyroid gland and partial purification of the enzyme. J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 52 (1962) 180–189. [PMID: 13964156]
3.  Coval, M.L. and Taurog, A. Purification and iodinating activity of hog thyroid peroxidase. J. Biol. Chem. 242 (1967) 5510–5523. [PMID: 12325367]
4.  Gavaret, J.M., Cahnmann, H.J. and Nunez, J. Thyroid hormone synthesis in thyroglobulin. The mechanism of the coupling reaction. J. Biol. Chem. 256 (1981) 9167–9173. [PMID: 7021557]
5.  Ohtaki, S., Nakagawa, H., Nakamura, M. and Yamazaki, I. One- and two-electron oxidations of tyrosine, monoiodotyrosine, and diiodotyrosine catalyzed by hog thyroid peroxidase. J. Biol. Chem. 257 (1982) 13398–13403. [PMID: 7142155]
6.  Magnusson, R.P., Taurog, A. and Dorris, M.L. Mechanism of iodide-dependent catalatic activity of thyroid peroxidase and lactoperoxidase. J. Biol. Chem. 259 (1984) 197–205. [PMID: 6706930]
7.  Virion, A., Courtin, F., Deme, D., Michot, J.L., Kaniewski, J. and Pommier, J. Spectral characteristics and catalytic properties of thyroid peroxidase-H2O2 compounds in the iodination and coupling reactions. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 242 (1985) 41–47. [PMID: 2996435]
8.  Rawitch, A.B., Pollock, G., Yang, S.X. and Taurog, A. Thyroid peroxidase glycosylation: the location and nature of the N-linked oligosaccharide units in porcine thyroid peroxidase. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 297 (1992) 321–327. [PMID: 1497352]
9.  Sun, W. and Dunford, H.B. Kinetics and mechanism of the peroxidase-catalyzed iodination of tyrosine. Biochemistry 32 (1993) 1324–1331. [PMID: 8448141]
10.  Taurog, A., Dorris, M.L. and Doerge, D.R. Mechanism of simultaneous iodination and coupling catalyzed by thyroid peroxidase. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 330 (1996) 24–32. [PMID: 8651700]
11.  Ruf, J. and Carayon, P. Structural and functional aspects of thyroid peroxidase. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 445 (2006) 269–277. [PMID: 16098474]
[EC 1.11.1.8 created 1961, modified 2012]
 
 


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