The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.10.5.1     
Accepted name: ribosyldihydronicotinamide dehydrogenase (quinone)
Reaction: 1-(β-D-ribofuranosyl)-1,4-dihydronicotinamide + a quinone = 1-(β-D-ribofuranosyl)nicotinamide + a quinol
For diagram of reaction, click here
Other name(s): NRH:quinone oxidoreductase 2; NQO2; NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase-2 (misleading); QR2; quinone reductase 2; N-ribosyldihydronicotinamide dehydrogenase (quinone); NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase2 (misleading)
Systematic name: 1-(β-D-ribofuranosyl)-1,4-dihydronicotinamide:quinone oxidoreductase
Comments: A flavoprotein. Unlike EC 1.6.5.2, NAD(P)H dehydrogenase (quinone), this quinone reductase cannot use NADH or NADPH; instead it uses N-ribosyl- and N-alkyldihydronicotinamides. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, such as benz[a]anthracene, and the estrogens 17β-estradiol and diethylstilbestrol are potent inhibitors, but dicoumarol is only a very weak inhibitor [2]. This enzyme can catalyse both 2-electron and 4-electron reductions, but one-electron acceptors, such as potassium ferricyanide, cannot be reduced [3].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 667919-86-0
References:
1.  Liao, S., Dulaney, J.T. and Williams-Ashman, H.G. Purification and properties of a flavoprotein catalyzing the oxidation of reduced ribosyl nicotinamide. J. Biol. Chem. 237 (1962) 2981–2987. [PMID: 14465018]
2.  Zhao, Q., Yang, X.L., Holtzclaw, W.D. and Talalay, P. Unexpected genetic and structural relationships of a long-forgotten flavoenzyme to NAD(P)H:quinone reductase (DT-diaphorase). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94 (1997) 1669–1674. [PMID: 9050836]
3.  Wu, K., Knox, R., Sun, X.Z., Joseph, P., Jaiswal, A.K., Zhang, D., Deng, P.S. and Chen, S. Catalytic properties of NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase-2 (NQO2), a dihydronicotinamide riboside dependent oxidoreductase. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 347 (1997) 221–228. [PMID: 9367528]
4.  Jaiswal, A.K. Human NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase2. Gene structure, activity, and tissue-specific expression. J. Biol. Chem. 269 (1994) 14502–14508. [PMID: 8182056]
[EC 1.10.5.1 created 2005 as EC 1.10.99.2, transfered 2015 to EC 1.10.5.1]
 
 


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