The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: 2-hydroxymethylglutarate dehydrogenase
Reaction: (S)-2-hydroxymethylglutarate + NAD+ = 2-formylglutarate + NADH + H+
For diagram of nicotinate catabolism, click here
Other name(s): HgD
Systematic name: (S)-2-hydroxymethylglutarate:NAD+ oxidoreductase
Comments: NADP+ cannot replace NAD+. Forms part of the nicotinate-fermentation catabolism pathway in Eubacterium barkeri. Other enzymes involved in this pathway are EC (nicotinate dehydrogenase), EC (6-hydroxynicotinate reductase), EC (enamidase), EC (2-methyleneglutarate mutase), EC (methylitaconate Δ-isomerase), EC (dimethylmaleate hydratase) and EC (2,3-dimethylmalate lyase).
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 1073478-76-8
1.  Alhapel, A., Darley, D.J., Wagener, N., Eckel, E., Elsner, N. and Pierik, A.J. Molecular and functional analysis of nicotinate catabolism in Eubacterium barkeri. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103 (2006) 12341–12346. [PMID: 16894175]
[EC created 2006]

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